“In the Footsteps of Grand Tourists and the Learned Society: Discovering the Connections between Nations”
The Grand Tour of Europe-31 Days
10 Countries: England, France, Belgium, The Netherlands, Germany, Switzerland,
Austria, Italy, Greece and Turkey
London, Paris, Brussels, Amsterdam, Heidelberg, Lucerne, Munich, Salzburg, Venice,
Florence, Assisi, Rome, Sorrento, Delphi, Athens,
with a Cruise of the Greek Islands & Turkey
Mykonos, Kusadasi, Ephesus,Patmos, Crete, Santorini
Departure Date: June 3, 2012-July 3, 2012
Overnight Flight to Great Britain
Arrival in London
Walking Tour of London
Stroll through the heart of London along the banks of the River Thames.
Walk along the Strand and see the spot considered to be London's geographic center.
Visit Trafalgar Square and Nelspon's Column, built to commemorate his 1805 victory
in the Battle of Trafalgar. Continue on to Lecester Square,w here duelists once fought to
the death. See the statute of Charlie Chaplin. Visit Chinatown and the
Covent Garden and more.
Guided Sightseeing Tour of London
Tour London by bus. Visit Grosvenor Square, the site of the U.S. Embassy and the
house where Eisenhower once lived. Continue to Hyde Pasrk Corner, Piccadilly Circus,
Speaker's Corner, Houses of Parliament, London's South Bank, the Tower of London,
and London Bridge. Stroll across the Millennium Bridge for a sighting of St. Paul's
Cathedral, the magnifcent 17th centeury Baroque church designed by Sir Christopher Wren.
See the Changing of the Guard at Buckingham Palace.
Optional Excursion to Windsor
Take half-day excursion to Windsor Palace--one of the most regal. See the Royal
Family's retreat built by William the Conqueror in 1070. See Queen Mary's Dolls' House
and St. George's Chapel, the final resting place of many monarchs. Enjoy free time in the area.
Free Time in London
This is a time we can visit selected sites including the Freud Museum, Madame Tussauds
wax museum, take a cruise down the Thames, visit Oxford University or the
home of Charles Darwin. Visiting Westminster Abbey is a must!
London to Paris
Transfer via the Eurostar from London to Paris. Enjoy state-of-the-art technology
as you glide under the English channel.
Arrive in Paris-The City of Light
Guided Sightseeing Tour of Paris
Discover the city on the Seine. See the Arc de Triomphe, the Champs-Elysees to the
Place de la Concorde. Pass the Conciergerie, where prisoners of the Revolution spent
their final days, and see Les Invalides, Louis XIV's grand retirement home for wounded
soldiers. See the Ecole Militaire, the Eiffel Tower, the Opera Garnier, the Eglise de la
Madeleine, the gardens of the Tuileries, the Place Vendome and more.
Optional Excursion to Versailles
See the elaborate palace of Louis XIV.
Visit the Louvre
Enter the museum through the glass pyramid. Discover priceless
antiquities from Asia,Greece and rome. See precious objects from
the Middle Ages and the Renaissance, as well as iconic
European paintings such as the Mona Lisa.
Walking Tour of Paris
Visit the Latin Quarters, the Sorbonne, the Pantheon. Stroll down the
Boulevard St. Michel and spend some time browsing the stacks
at the famous Shakespeare and Company
bookstore, which published James Joyce's Ulysses in 1922. Browse the literary
materials along the sein sold at les bouquinistes, the bookstalls that sell old books,
maps, art prints and postcards.
Visit the Cathedral of Notre Dame
Built over the remains of an ancient Roman temple, it was here
that Napoleon crowned himself emperor in 1804. This is the site
of the famous Victor Hugo novel, The Huncback of Notre Dame.
Paris to Brussels and Amsterdam
Cross into Belguim, travel to Brussels. The home of traditional houses and cobblestone
streets hundreds of years old. See the modern and elegant glass and steel
skyscrapers housing international banks and businesses.
Walking Tour of Amsterdam
See this city of 1,200 bridges and 160 canals. amsterdam is the captial of the
Netherlands. It is an important commercial, historic, cultural and artistic center.
Once home to Rembrandt, whose residence remains open to visitors today.
Visit friendly cares and world-class museums including the Van Gogh
Museum and the Jewish History Museum.
Guided Sightseeing Tour of Amsterdam
Join a local guide to see the most famous sights on a walk through the city.
Pass the Westerkerk (West Church), where the remains of Rembrandt and
his son are buried. The church also held the wedding of Queen Beatrix in 1966.
See the lively Dam Square, a dam around the Amstel River created in the
13th century to prevent the Zuiderzee Sea from flooding the city. See the Royal Palace,
once the home of the Dutch Royal family. See the National Monument and the
Nieuwekerk (New Church) where members of the Dutch Royal Family
are officially inagurated. See the Begijnhofites, a lovely 14th century
courtyard, built as a sanctuary for the Begijnhofites, a Catholic sisterhood.
Walk across the lifting bridge to Waterlooplein. See the views of the
Amstel River as you cross the Magere Brug (Skinny Bridge).
Visit the Rembrandtplein, a square packed with terrace cafes,
diamond shops, nightclubs and hotels.
Visit to the Anne Frank House
Visit the house where Anne Frank hid her family from 1942 to 1944
and where she wrote her famous diary that has been translated into dozens of languages.
Optional Excursion to Volendam and Zaanse Schans
Visit the heart of the Dutch countryside. See the fishing village of Volendam and the living
and working neighborhood of Zaanse Schans, re-creted to look like an old Dutch village.
See windmills, charming shops and crooked houses.
See cheese and clog making demonstrations.
Amsterdam to Heidelberg
Transfer to Heidelberg, the heart of romantic Germany.
Sightseeing Tour of Heidelberg
Become familiar with Germany's oldest university city. See the 700 year old Schloss
(palace) and its famous Fass (wine barrel), the world's largest. View the Neckar Valley.
Visit the town's Marktplatz, where witches once were burned at the stake.
Mark Twain and Goethe visited here and long praised Heidelberg for its beauty.
Transfer via the Black Forest and Rhine Falls
Travel through the Black Forest (Schwarzwald) where the Brothers Grimm
set some of their classic tales, including Hansel and Gretel. See the
Rhine Falls, which Goethe referred to as "the source of the ocean."
Transfer to Switzerland
See the snow-capped alps. Spend the night in the Vierwaldstattersee (Lake Lucerne).
This is the most picturesque part of Switzerland.
Sightseeing Tour of Lucerne
See the Lowendenkmal (Lion Monument), a sandstone statue commemorating the
Swiss Guards slain in the 1792 Paris storming of the Tuileries. See the Kapelbrucke,
a covered bridge whose history dates back to medieval days and more.
Visit the cobbled streets of the Old Town.
Optional Excursion to Mount Pilatus
Take half day tour to Mount Pilatus, the majestic backdrop of Lucerne.
Excursion to Neuschwantstein Castle
Tour of the Bavarian Alps to visit one of the "Mad" King Ludwig's fairy-tale
castles. Visit Newuschwanstein, the real-life model for Disneyland's
sleeping Beauty Castle. Learn about the life and death of the young king,
one of europe's most eccentric rulers.
Study the architecture of the castle.
Arrival in Munich
Arrive in the capital of Bavarian Germany.
(Munchen or "Little Monk")
Guided Sightseeing Tour of Munich
See the Olympic stadium, BMWs headquarters, the fashionable Schwabing district.
See the Residenz, the Deutsches Museum, the University and the Alte Pinakothek.
Spend time at the Marienplatz, Munich's home of the famous Glockenspiel.
Excursion to Dachau
Visit the Nazi concentration camp, now serving as a memorial museum.
Walking Tour of Munich
Stroll through the heart of Munic and pass the domes of the Frauenkirche.
Arrive back at the Marienplatz and visit the shops on the square.
Visit the Toy Museum. Visit the famous Hofbrauhaus, Munich's most famous beer hall.
Excursion to Salzburg and the Salt Mines
Journey to the village of Berchtesgaden. Tour the underground via train, boat and
wooden slides through the 450 year old salt mines. Also tour Salzburg,
the home of Mozart and the backdrop for the movie, The Sound of Music.
Visit Mozart's home.
Munich to Venice
Travel through Innsbruck
Innsbruck is the capital of the beautiful Austrian province of Tyrol and
the site of two Winter Olympics in 1964 and 1976. Experience the local cuisine
at lunch on the stop here.
Arrive in Venice
Home of Marco Polo.
Guided Sightseeing Tour of Venice
Begin at St. Mark's Square. Visit the Basilica where St. Mark's remains are housed.
See the Grand Canal and Bell Tower. Take a Gondala ride or a water taxi to Murano.
Visit to Doges' Palace
Visit the 14th century Palace where Venetian Dukes once ruled. Stroll over the
Bridge of Sighs, connecting the palace and the prison.
Venice to Florence
Travel to Florence, the birthplace of the Italian language,
the Renaissance and opera.
Sightseeing Tour of Florence
Learn the history of the Medici family. Pass classical statues of the
Piazza della Signoria, where Michelangelo's David originally stood. Visit the
Uffizi Palace where you can see classical works of art, and the Ponte Vecchhio,
one of the city's bridges to survive WWII and now filled with wonderful
fine jewelry and other shops. Visit the Chiesa di Santa Croce,
the final resting place of Michelangelo, Machiavelli and Galileo. Also visit the
Santa Maria del Fiore Cathedral, more commonly known as the Duomo
or dome that dominates Florence's skyline--the work of Brunelleschi and Giotto.
Also see the Baptistery opposite the Duomo. Participate in leather making demonstration.
Florence to Rome
Transfer to Assisi
Visit the birthplace of St. Francis and St. Clare. Visit the Basilica
of St. Francis.
Arrive in Rome, the home of Charlemagne, crowned
emperor by the pope in AD 800.
Visit the world's smallest country. Begin at the Vatican Museum and
proceed on to the Sistine Chapel. See the work of Michelangelo on the ceiling of
the chapel. Tour St. Peter's Basilica and see the preserved body of Pope John XXIII.
View the Swiss Guard and see Michelangelo's the Pieta. Visit the Vatican Shops
and select items that will be blessed by Pope Benedict and brought to your hotel.
Guided Sightseeing Tour of Rome
See imperial Rome on a panoramic tour.
Visit the Colosseum, the Forum and the Roman ruins and more.
Walking Tour of Rome
Visit the famous Trevi Fountain, the Pantheon and enjoy the sights,
experience the culture and free time in the Piazza Navona
and the Spanish Steps. Enjoy Gelato and other tasty treats.
Rome and Sorrento
Transfer to Sorrento
Experience the beauty of Italy's favorite resort near the
Amalfi coast, overlooking the Bay of Naples and Mount Vesuvius.
Sorrento and Night Ferry to Greece
Guided Sightseeing of Pompeii
See the how wealthy Romans lived 2,000 years ago on an excursion to the
ruins of Pompeii--one of the richest archaeological sites in the world.
See Mount Vesuvius closer up, the cause of the demise of Pmpeii during
an eruption in A.D. 79, which completely buried the Roman resort.
Take the night Ferry in Brindisi to Greece
Cross the Ionian sea to Greece.
Arrive in Igoumenitsa
This is the hub for ferries and ships traveling in the Greek Islands and ports of Italy.
Guided Sightseeing tour of Meteora Region and Monasteries
Home of Byzanine art and architecture. Renowned for its many cavelike
monasteries built into the hillsides and many used as retreats.
Spend the night in this region.
Meteora Region and Athens
Visit Delphi in a Guided Sightseeing Tour
Home of the mysterious Oracle who predicted the future for ancient
military leaders and others. Visit the Temple of Apollo with a stop at the
Delphi Museum, whose artifacts date back to 550 B.C.
Arrive in Athens
Cradle of democracy and birthplace of western civilization.
Guided Sightseeing Tour of Athens
Follow an expert local guide on a tour of Athens and its antiquities.
Visit the Acopolis and the Parthenon. See the Temple of Athena Nike, the
goddess of war and wisdom.See the Presidential Guard in their traditional costumes,
pass the stadium where the firat modern Olympics were held in 1896.
Visit Omonia and Syntagma squares. View other sites in Athens including the
Archaelogical Museum, the Athenian cemetery and more.
Walking Tour of Athens
Visit the Platka district. Stroll past Harian's Arch and the Temple of Olympian Zeus.
Enjoy a Greek Evening
Dance, music and dinner.
Cruise of the Greek Islands and Turkey
Cruise the Greek Islands and Turkey with ports of call to Mykonos, Patmos,
Kusadasi, Heraklion (Crete), and Santorini. Visit Ephesus in Kusadasi and
explore the ruins of Ancient Ephesus and the last home of the Virgin Mary
in the high mountains overlooking Ephesus--designated as a sacred site.
Return to Athens for the Trip back to the US
Download Brochure Here to See Itinerary!
Greek Island Cruise Itinerary:
Sign up Now and Lock in Price!
Tour Number: 1027165
Enroll online. Tour Number: 1027165
To Enroll Online:
2. Click on the circle which reads “Enroll”
3. Enter the Tour ID 1027165...then follow the directions.
To Enroll Over the Phone:
1. Simply call 1-800-665-5364 (customer service)
2. Note the ID number 1027165 and provide information and credit card payment.
Travelers will learn about the history and evolvement of the Grand Tourists, its meaning, significance and purpose. In addition, how the early period contributed to greater understanding, in social culture and awareness, art, architecture, social polish and more. More importantly, how these early concepts and model have led to the importance of study abroad and international travel today. Further, we will explore and discover the connectedness of the global world in terms of values, the sharing of information and ideas, culture, language, systems and structure, and more.
In addition to exploring the three cultures embedded in psychology—science, the humanities (including art, literature and religion) and the social sciences, psychology majors will get the opportunity to focus specifically on psychologists who at one time lived or worked in the areas to be visited on the route of the Grand Tour. Relative to psychology, the lives of significant contributors to the field of psychology will be explored for their contributions to human development and the learned society—which was considered one of the major outcomes of people who were fortunate enough to experience the Grand Tour.
In conjunction with the Grand Tour, students of psychology will explore the contributions of psychologists to human development and the evolvement of the learned society in France, Great Britain, Austria, Germany, Switzerland, Italy, the Netherlands, Belgium, Greece and Turkey. Visits will be made to select homes and museums, where time and funds permit, such as: Freud (Vienna and London); Descartes (Paris); Aristotle, Plato, Socrates and other scholars (Greece) Sir Isaac Newton, Sir Francis Bacon and Charles Darwin (London); Carl Jung (Switzerland) and more. Students will read about and be provided lectures about many as we travel the route of the Grand Tour. Students will also be asked to identify at least one living and current psychologists along the route of the grand tour as well.
For Non-Credit Students
Keeping a Daily Journal of Tour Activities and Sites
You are required to keep a journal of your travel activities, sites visited, lessons and history learned and reflections and questions. It is suggested that you purchase a small pocket journal to record your experiences while traveling. The travel journal is your daily reflection of your tour experience. You should write at minimum 500 words per day with dates. We will have discussions throughout the day as well as reflections during dinner. Visit the links below to learn more about journaling while traveling abroad. See suggested discussion topics at the end of this document.
Links on Journaling
Major Study Questions
Pre-Tour Study Questions
In preparation for our pre-tour orientation meetings, students are asked to write a brief one page paper on:
1. What do you expect to learn on tour?
2. How do you think this tour will contribute to your overall understanding of European culture and society?
Pre-Tour Online Study
Participants will be required to visit at least 10 online related learning links on the course website in preparation for the study abroad tour. Links are available on the course website at: www.psyking.net and on the EF College Study Tours Division web site. On the EF website, students can also find PBS and other related links, suggested readings, suggested movies and more. They can read destination profiles, tips on packing for the tour, money and currency, and travel smart sections.
On-Tour Study Questions
In addition to crafting their own related study question, students are asked to address the following questions, while on tour, culminating in a summary reaction paper at the conclusion of the tour.
1. How would you describe the evolution, history and purpose of the grand tour and who were the early travelers?
2. How would you compare and contrast the early history and purpose of the grand tour with what you learned on this tour?
3. How has European psychology contributed to overall human development and the learned society? Cite several psychologists you found intriguing and share your perspectives on their contributions.
4. In your opinion and from your study and observations, what are the interconnected cultural similarities? What are the cultural differences as compared to the United States?
5. Based on your observations combined with lectures from your tour guides and educators, describe what you found most interesting and significant about European society and culture on all levels?
6. Describe your individual study tour question and provide your response to it.
Develop Summary Reflection Paper at Conclusion of Tour
Students will be required to develop a summary report of their travel, answering the specific study tour questions, along with their own specified question upon completion of the tour.
Students Enrolling for Credit through NVCC
Students may sign up for credit by paying tuition and enrolling in Psychology 298: Seminar and Project-European Contributions to Psychology, Development and the Learned Society-3 Credits. This course will be offered on the Loudoun campus of Northern Virginia Community College during the second Summer session 2012. However, pre-tour activities must be completed prior to travel abroad in Spring 2012 and include some informational sessions and a one page pre-tour paper.
Students may also opt to sign up for college credit through EF College Study Tours host institution--Eastern Washington University.
Register with them directly at: http://outreach.ewu.edu/ifs.html.
They have an array of courses you can consider.
Students desiring to study abroad for NVCC credit must complete all of the above requirements under non-credit requirements (daily journal, pre tour online study, and pre and on-tour study questions), plus the following:
Photographic Journal & Essay
Student must develop a photographic journal accompanied by narrative. They are asked to take at least 25 photos related to the tour's theme and write about each photo and experience.
Students will collect a minimum of four artifacts that they find significant and represent the select countries or culture. They must explain in no fewer than 500 words how each artifact represents the culture or country and its significance.
Students will develop a larger reflection paper answering the study tour questions along with their specific study question. (Note: The artifacts paper can be included as Part II of the Reaction Paper and artifacts can be included as digital images.)
Attend Two Required Pre-Tour or On Tour Lectures
These lectures will include learning about the study destination on various levels and aspects; and, may include guest lecturers. This tour leader will deliver pre-tour and on-site lectures, but they may also include the tour director or local educators.
Other Requirements and Study Tour Information
Non-credit and credit students will participate in several half-day orientation meetings during the spring semester and prior to the departure date of the trip. Students are also required to purchase travel journals and travel books on countries to be visited.
At orientation, students are provided with a comprehensive packet of information which includes country profiles, tips for traveling abroad, maps, U.S. State Department Guidelines and profiles, CIA Fact Book profiles, Center for Disease Control alerts, Embassy Consular Information Sheets, flight information and baggage requirements, customs requirements, pertinent fact sheets and maps on countries, and more. Students also view video presentations of the countries to be visited during meetings.
As indicated, during the study tour, participants will keep a written and photographic journal of their travel and experiences. Upon arrival abroad, our study tour group joins 2-3 small groups from other colleges and universities, in the U.S., Alaska, Puerto Rico, and other surrounding territories. Students interface with guest educators serving as lecturers and licensed tour guides during the day for the sites visited. They also interact with the on site Tour Director who travels and stays with the group 24 hours a day. Tour directors comprise educators taking the summer to travel and direct tours. They are highly trained in their professions and are usually from the country visited; they also are bilingual and speak the language(s) of the countries visited.
At dinner, students spend time in dialogue with the professor discussing the events of the day and what was learned and experienced. This time also is spent planning the next day's itinerary of sites to be visited in our free time; that is, sites not on the itinerary.
Students also get the opportunity to experience the culture of the country through concerts, theater and more. When time permits, concerts, theater, and other events are scheduled in advance.
Study tour participants receive perks and awards from EF Educational Tours, such as, backpacks, luggage tags, travel journals and a $20 international telephone calling card to contact home and family frequently. Students also receive a certificate of completion for study abroad.
Suggested Discussion Topics for your Travel Journal
• The cities, towns, and sites you visited.
• Things you encountered for the first time.
• Interactions and conversations with people native to the Country.
• Similarities and differences between your country and the country you are visiting.
• Describe a foreign custom or tradition that is different from your usual way of life.
• How the tour staff and your guides are impacting your learning.
• How your travels and what you have experienced impacts your understanding of global issues, the importance of creating world peace, human rights, and the concept of building a world community.
• Any comments you can make on culture and behavior, values, customs, characteristics of people.
• What are the differences in art and architecture?
• What are the most popular newspapers and news shows? Movies? News stories?
• Compare the transportation system in the country you are visiting with that of the U.S.?
• Who are the famous world scholars that reside in this country? What significant contributions have they made?
• Pick a scholar or artist from the places you visited and describe the highlights of their career.
• For those studying psychology, who are the important psychological scientists residing in these countries that have contributed to the body of knowledge in the field?
• What particular insights and leadership skills are you taking back home with you as a result of your study abroad.
• How has your perception of your home or culture, or of the people you know, changed during the tour?
• What was your favorite or memorable time or experience on the tour?
• What will you now do differently upon your return home?
• How will you contribute to your college, family, city, country and world?
Download Course Syllabus
IMPORTANT TRAVEL LINKS
(Download Fact Sheets and Maps for Each Country to Be Visited)
(Get Exchange Rates)
(Download Background Notes and Library of Congress Country Study)
Related Learning Links
The Grand Tourists
Giuseppi Vasi’s Grand Tour of Rome.
By the late 19th Century the Grand Tour had become an essentially American phenomenon. Not surprisingly, this group of newly wealthy citizens of a relatively young country found context and meaning for their lives and good fortune by thinking of themselves as heirs of a great Western Tradition. They traced their cultural lineage from the Greeks, through the Roman Empire, to the European Renaissance, particularly the Venetian Renaissance. During the Gilded Age
, America's upper classes and merchant classes traveled the world visiting the great European cities and the ancient sites of the Mediterranean, as part of a Grand Tour, collecting and honoring their western cultural heritage. The example of Venice's democratic society of well-to-do merchants and traders who collected the world's wealth, loved architecture and enjoyed a strong sense of public responsibility, appealed to them on the basis that it was both what they were becoming and what they aspired to.
Three exhibitions at the Getty explore the Grand Tour and its importance as an 18th-century artistic and cultural phenomenon.
Kathleen Burk is Professor of Modern and Contemporary History at University College London
The Grand tour was also about culture and social polish. Video included.
Countries, Cities, World Heritage Sites and More.
Beginning in the late sixteenth century, it became fashionable for young aristocrats to visit Paris, Venice, Florence, and above all Rome, as the culmination of their classical education. Thus was born the idea of the Grand Tour, a practice which introduced Englishmen, Germans, Scandinavians, and also Americans to the art and culture of France and Italy for the next 300 years. Travel was arduous and costly throughout the period, possible only for a privileged class—the same that produced gentleman scientists, authors, antiquaries, and patrons of the arts. Includes a slideshow.
This splendid exhibition grew out of an interest and a passion for one of the most exciting aspects of culture -- a creative thought brought to fruition.
By Matt Rosenberg
, About.com Guide. The Grand Tour began in the sixteenth century and gained popularity during the seventeenth century.
Sex and travel have always been intertwined, and never more so than on the classic Grand Tour of Europe in the 18th and 19th centuries. Today, the continent is still littered with salacious remnants of that golden age, where secret boudoirs, notorious dungeons and forbidden artifacts lured travelers all the way from London to Capri. In The Sinner’s Grand Tour, historian and travel writer Tony Perrottet sets off to discover a string of legendary sites and relics that are still kept far from public view.
Jeremy Black - Professor of History at the University of Exeter - considers eighteenth century travel writing and what it says about the world of the Grand Tourist.
A blog spot on the subject.
Hofburg Open Air Market Home of Sigmund Freud
Exterior Freud Museum Waiting Room in Freud's Practice at Home
Church Hunderwasser House The Anker Clock in Hoher Market
Located in the Hofburg this museum houses one of the world's finest collections of prints, watercolors, drawings and photographs. The palace once belonged to Maria Theresa's daughter, Maria Christina, and her husband Duke Albert of Sachsen-Teschen, after whom the gallery is named. The museum underwent restoration, including reopening the Habsburg State Rooms for the first time in 200 years. They represent a remarkable example of Neo-Classical architecture and interior decoration, inspired by the Archduchess maria Christina.
Website includes the history of the Albertina and more.
The palace was built by Johann Lukas von Hildebrandt as the summer residence of Prince Eugene of Savoy. The Belvedere consists of 2 palaces linked by a formal garden laid out in th French style by Dominique Girard. The Palace also has a collection of the works of Gustav Klimt and the Museum of Austrian Baroque Art is housed in the rooms of the Lower Belvedere, which were used by Prince Eugene for day-to-say living.
A comprehensive presentation of the life and works of Freud, from birth to death.
The artist was born in Milan where he started his career by working on designs for windows for the city’s cathedral. He worked in his hometown, specialising mainly in religious paintings, before being called to Vienna in 1562 by Maximilian, the eldest son of the Emperor Ferdinand I. For the next twenty-five years he served as court painter to the Emperor Maximilian II and his son, the Emperor Rudolf II, both in Vienna and in Prague, before returning to Milan in 1587.
In 1563 he painted a series of depictions of the Seasons that in their strangeness and uniqueness served as the basis for the artist’s fame when he was rediscovered by the Surrealists and Dadaists in the early 20th century. Two of the three extant paintings from this first series of the Seasons are included in the exhibition: “Summer” and “Winter”, both now belong to the Kunsthistorisches Museum.
Situated in between the German and the Italian border, on the western side of Austria, Innsbruck is Europe’s oldest and beautiful city in the state of Tyrol. Capital of its state, the city has got its own beauty with a true Alpine landscape and snowcapped mountains. Innsbruck twice became the home for the Winter Olympics and is also famous for its winter sports. Additionally, with its historic churches, monuments, museums, galleries and scenic atmosphere, Innsbruck has gained the reputation as being an impressive Austrian holiday destination.
A museum that celebrates the vibrant Jewish quarter in Vienna that was centered on the square until the explusion of the Jews in 1421. The museum also houses a public database of the 65,000 Austrian Jews
killed by the Nazis and, in the basement the excavated synagogue. See also the Holocaust memorial in Judenplatz.
Museum of the history of art. The collections are based maily on the collections over the centuries by generations of Habsburg monarchs. Originally the works of art were housed in the Hofburg and the Belvedere, but when the Ringstasse was built this museum and the museum of natural history across the garden was built to house the collections of imperial art and natural history.
Acts as a showcase for Austrian decorative arts and as a repository for fine objects from around the world. Originally founded in 1864 as a museum for art and industry, it expanded and diversified over the years to include objects representing new artistic movements. The museum has a fine collection of furniture, including some classical works of the German cabinet-makeer David Roentgen, textiles, glass, Islamic and East Asian art and fine Renaissance jewelry. In 1993 the museum was completely renovated and each room was redesigned by a different leading artist. The result is a series of displays that lend the exhibits a unique, unusual flavor.
Headquarters of the Society of the Friends of Music. It is the home of the great Vienna Philharmonic Orchestra which gives regular performances here and forms the orchestra for the Opera House. The concert hall seats almost 2,000.
About the life and work of Sigmund Freud in his former home in Vienna, Austria, where he also conducted his private practice. You can also see the bedroom of Anna Freud. Freud lived in a wonderful, clean neighborhood in Vienna, with a lovely courtyard in the back of the home. If you get a chance to visit, plan to spend about an hour. See biographical sketch of Freud on my pages by clicking hyperlink--> Freud.
The most prestigious theater in the German speaking world.
A museum that houses the work of Gustav Klimt and his famous Beethoven's Frieze,designed in 1902 as a decorative painting, it covers three walls and is 110 feet long. It shows interrelated groups of figures and is thought to be a commentary on Beethoven's Ninth Symphony.
The University of Vienna is the oldest university in the German-speaking world and one of the largest in Central Europe. At present, about 71,000 students are enrolled at the University of Vienna, in more than 130 courses. With close to 8,000 employees, 6,000 of which are scientists and academics, the University of Vienna is also the largest teaching and research institution in Austria.
Was one of the first Ringstrasse buildings to be completed. The opera house opened in 1869.
Wien Museum is a general-purpose metropolitan museum with a wide range of collections and exhibitions – from the history of the city to art, fashion and modern culture, from the earliest settlements to the present day. Because of its general approach and interdisciplinary potential, it occupies a unique position among Vienna’s museums. It has sites throughout the city. Taking the city of Vienna as a model, it explores the general theme of social, cultural and urban change in comparison with other cities.
La Grand-Place in Brussels is a remarkably homogeneous body of public and private buildings, dating mainly from the late 17th century. The architecture provides a vivid illustration of the level of social and cultural life of the period in this important political and commercial centre. A UNESCO World Heritage Site.
The world heritage site of Bath. Bath owes its magnificent Georgian townscape to the bubbling pool
of water at the heart of the Roman Baths. The Romans transformed Bath into England's first spa resort
and it regained fame as a spa town in the 18th century.
Overview and views of the Georgian city of Bath.
A comprehensive site. Bath is built in the mouth of an extinct volcano. It is a spa city with hot springs beneath the city. It was a Roman city with the original Roman baths and remains. Rich in Roman and Georgian heritage. Has been the home to historic writers, such as Jane Austin, artist Gainsborough, and others.
The home of Winston Churchill.
About Bath, Brighton, Chester, Durham, Oxford, Stratford-Upon-Avon and York.
Site includes much information on Great Britain.
A detailed history of Great Britain, including England, Wales, Scotland and Ireland.
Buckingham Palace has served as the official London residence of Britain's sovereigns since 1837.
The Palace evolved from a town house that was owned from the beginning of the eighteenth century by the Dukes of Buckingham. Today it is The Queen's official residence, with 775 rooms. Although in use for the many official events and receptions held by The Queen, areas of Buckingham Palace are opened to visitors on a regular basis.
The State Rooms of the Palace are open to visitors during the Annual Summer opening in August and September. They are lavishly furnished with some of the greatest treasures from the Royal Collection - paintings by Rembrandt, Rubens, Vermeer, Poussin, Canaletto and Claude; sculpture by Canova and Chantrey; exquisite examples of Sèvres porcelain; and some of the finest English and French furniture in the world.
A tour of the home of Charles Darwin where he did most of his writing and research.
The Complete Work of Charles Darwin Online (or Darwin Online) is the largest and most widely consulted edition of the writings of Darwin ever published. More copies of Darwin's works have been downloaded from Darwin Online than have been printed by all publishers of the past 180 years combined.
One of the most famous churches in the world.
Includes country profiles and pertinent information on countries, maps and more. Simply enter any of the countries we will be visiting to learn more about them.
About Freud's brief and last year of his life in exile in London, including an overview of his illness
The home of Sigmund and Anna Freud in exile after fleeing Vienna, Austria. Freud's life was short-lived in London.
Over the years, history and legend have become intertwined, and the monks who founded Glastonbury
Abbey around 700, found it profitable to encourage the association between Glastonbury and the
mythical "Blessed Isle" known as Avalon -- alleged to be the last resting place of King Arthur and the
Includes much information on Great Britain, including history and maps.
About interesting but occupied hotels.
Bath's most famous resident. Visit the Regency Tea Rooms. Books include
Persuasion and Mansfield Park.
Did they really visit Glastonbury? Was Joseph of Arimatheo the founder of Glastonbury Abbey?
See the discussion on this link.
Kensington Palace in London is a working Royal residence. Of great historical importance, Kensington Palace was the favourite residence of successive sovereigns until 1760. It was also the birthplace and childhood home of Queen Victoria. Today Kensington Palace accommodates the offices and private apartments of a number of members of the Royal Family. Although managed by Historic Royal Palaces, the Palace is furnished with items from the Royal Collection.
One of the world's finest collections of fashionable dress and accessories.
A natural science museum at Oxford University.
Dating back over ten centuries, the Monarchy plays an important role in the UK and Commonwealth. This web site provides information on the work of The Queen in modern society, biographies of the Royal Family, a history of kings and queens through the ages, background on Royal residences and art collections, and coverage of recent Royal events. Read about the history of the monarchy and other royal profiles.
An overview and history of Oxford.
Tourist information on visiting Oxford city and university.
The City University of Colleges
Salisbury was founded in 1220. We will visit the Salisbury Cathedral, a fine example of early English Gothic architecture, typified by tall, sharply pointed lancet windows.
A historical analysis of Francis Bacon.
An extensive site on the life and work of Bacon, including the belief that he was the son of
Queen Elizabeth I and speculated author of Shakespeare's writings.
Bacon's work on true suggestions for the interpretation of nature.
Bacon's treatise on an ideal commonwealth.
Background on Stonehenge.
The home of the famous writer, William Shakespeare.
The official website of Shakespeare's birthplace.
The representative body for psychology and psychologists in the UK.
A site on the life, atmosphere, people and traditions of Glastonbury. Legend has it that Jesus visited here and Joseph of Arimathea built a church here. King Arthur and Guinevere were buried here and it was an ancient place of the Goddess. Also home to medieval Saints: Patrick, Dunstan, Benedict, and Bridget.
The town is overlooked by the Tor, a prominent sacred hill. It stands on a former island, the Isle of Avalon. (See sections on history and traditions.
The best preserved Roman religious spa of the western world.
Westminster Abbey has been the burial place of Britain's monarchs since the 11th century and the setting for many coronations and royal weddings. It is one of the most beautiful buildings in London, with an exceptionally diverse array of architectural styles. Many are buried here, including: Thomas Parr who died at 152 years and 9 months (buried in 1635); Sir Isaac Newton; Geoffrey Chaucer; Alfred Lord Tennyson; Robert Browning; Charles Dickens; Rudyard Kipling; Charles Darwin; George Frederic Handle; Laurence Olivier; and others are buried here.
About the life and works of Shakespeare and his birthplace.
The literary works of British poet, William Wordsworth.
The town of Windsor includes the enormous Windsor Castle. The town is full of quaint Georgian shops,
houses and inns. The most prominent building on the High Street is the Guildhall.
The oldest inhabited royal residence in Britain. The castle was built by William the Conqueror in 1070
to guard the western approaches to London. Henry VIII is buried here with Jane Seymour.
About the life and contributions of Churchill, along with attractions, libraries, exhibits and more.
A listing of sites designated by UNESCO as a world heritage site, including Blenheim Palace, Stonehenge, Canterbury Cathedral and more.
No other building embodies the hisotyr of Paris more than Notre-Dame. It stands majestically on the Ile de la Cite. Built on the site of a Roman temple, the cathedral was commissioned by Bishop de Sully in 1159.
Built for the Universal Exhibition of 1889, to commenorate the centennial of the Revolution. Deisgned by Gustave Eiffel. It was the world's tallest building until 1931. There are a total of 1,665 steps from bottom to top.
A cabaret in Paris. The Moulin Rouge is best known as the spiritual birthplace of the modern form of the can-can dance. Originally introduced as a seductive dance by the courtesans who operated from the site, the can-can dance revue evolved into a form of entertainment of its own and led to the introduction of cabarets across Europe. Today the Moulin Rouge is a tourist attraction, offering musical dance entertainment for visitors from around the world. Much of the romance of turn-of-the-twentieth-century France is still present in the club's decor.
One of the world's most famous museums.
The history of the museum, of its building is quite unusual. In the centre of Paris on the banks of the Seine, opposite the Tuileries Gardens, the museum was installed in the former Orsay railway station, built for the Universal Exhibition of 1900. So the building itself could be seen as the first "work of art" in the Musee d'Orsay, which displays collections of art from the period 1848 to 1914.
Auguste Rodin (1840-1917), is widely regarded as one of France's greatest sculptors.
Started by Louis XIV in 1668, the palace grew from a modest hunting lodge built for his father, Louis XIII, to become the largest palace in Europe, houseing some 20,000 people.
You'll find the graves of literary figures such as Honoré de Balzac, Victor Noir, Charles Nodier, Americans Gertrude Stein and Alice B. Toklas, and Irish author Oscar Wilde.
Musicians buried here include Bizet, Chopin, Poulenc, Rossini, and Dukas, as well as opera singers Maria Callas and Edith Piaf, dancer Isadora Duncan, and American rock and roll star Jim Morrison.
Artists are among the largest group buried here in Cimetière du Père-Lachaise. They include Pissarro, Modigliani, glass sculptor Lalique, Max Ernst, Delacroix, and sculptor Cartellier.
If you're an old movie fan, you'll want to locate the gravesites of Sarah Bernhardt, Yves Montand, and Simone Signoret.
The Sainte-Chapelle ("Holy Chapel"), located within the Palais de Justice complex on the Ile de la Cité in the center of Paris, is a diminutive yet perfect example of the Rayonnant Style of Gothic architecture. It was erected by Louis IX, king of France, to house the Crown of Thorns and a fragment of the True Cross, precious relics of the Passion. Louis had purchased these in 1239 from the Byzantine emperor Baldwin II, for the exorbitant sum of 135,000 livres (the chapel "only" cost 40,000 livres to build). Two years later, more relics were brought from Byzantium.
The Sacré-Coeur Basilica is one of Paris's major tourist draws. The majestic building is located on top of the Montmartre hill.
Universal Leonardo is a programme aimed at deepening our understanding of Leonardo da Vinci through a series of European exhibitions (2006), scientific research and web-based resources.
This camp served as a model for all later concentration camps and as a "school of violence" for the SS men under whose command it stood. In the twelve years of its existence over 200,000 persons from all over Europe were imprisoned here and in the numerous subsidary camps. 41,500 were murdered. On April 29 1945, American troops liberated the survivors.
The official travel and tourism site of Germany. Includes information on historic towns, UNESCO World Heritage Sites, information on weather and more.
Germany's classical music heritage is second to none: Johann Sebastian Bach, Ludwig van Beethoven, Robert Schumann, Felix Mendelssohn, Johannes Brahms and Richard Wagner are just a handful of the many great German composers whose music is performed throughout the world.
But Germany's musical life is thriving in other respects as well: a wide range of dynamic modern music can be heard at hundreds of jazz clubs, musical theatres and pop/rock events. These pages are full of ideas, information and concert suggestions to help you plan your trip.
Germany is the country of poets and philosophers. The words of great authors like Goethe and Schiller still touch the heart and the spirit of the people. This counts also for the fairy tales of the Grimm Brothers. But the 20th century has also produced many famous authors. Their works, as well, delight readers and spectators alike.
An information site on placeStateBerlin and its attractions, including Checkpoint Charlie, the Berlin Wall and more.
A "temple city of the arts" lies in the centre of Berlin on an island in the River Spree. The Old Museum designed by Karl Friedrich Schinkel and built in 1830 was the first building on Berlin Museum Island and the first public museum in Prussia. Then followed the New Museum in 1859, the Old National Gallery in 1876, the Bode Museum in 1904 and the Pergamon Museum in 1930. The only collection of museums of its kind in the world with its five temple-like buildings houses treasures from six thousand years of the history of mankind. At the heart of the museum scene in Berlin and the largest cultural investment project in Europe, Berlin Museum Island became a UNESCO World Heritage site in 1999. The Old National Gallery with masterpieces from the 19th century reopened in December 2001. The spectacular reopening of the Bode Museum in October 2006 with its collections of sculptures and Byzantine art became an unexpected hit with the public. In the coming years, the remaining buildings on Museum Island will be gradually restored and remodelled with a new spacious, central entrance area and underground connecting passages. This unique collection of museums will then exhibit a cultural and historical panorama in all its glory, spanning from Ancient Egypt to the end of the 19th century, from Nefertiti and the Pergamon altar to the German and French impressionists. (Source: Website.)
Was considered one of Germany's most beautiful cities. It was once known as the "Florence of the north." The city was destroyed during World War II and rebuilt soon after the war ended.
Dresden Elbe Valley is stretch of land developed in the 18th and 19th centuries, which extends around 20 kilometres from Übigau Palace in the north-west to Pillnitz stately home and the River Elbe island in the south-east. It centres around the historic skyline of Dresden's old town. Dresden Elbe Valley is a synthesis of nature, architecture and cultivated landscapes - the banks of the Elbe are lined with Renaissance forts and late 19th century villas, while palaces and gardens blend seamlessly into the vine-clad landscape. The bulk of the architectural heritage is found in Dresden's old town, including the Royal Palace, the Cathedral and the Church of Our Lady. Other highlights include Semper Opera House, a stunning 19th century theatre in a High Renaissance style, and Zwinger Palace, one of Europe's foremost late baroque buildings. Brühl Terrace meanwhile, is a magnificent baroque reworking of the mighty fortifications that once lined the banks of the Elbe in Dresden's old town. (Source: Website.)
An overview of the life of Martin Luther.
Eisleben is home to the house where Martin Luther was born and the house where he died. His birthplace is now one of the oldest museums in the German-speaking world. He was born on 10 November 1483 in what is now Lutherplatz and was baptised the following day in the neighbouring Church of St. Peter and Paul. Eye-catching attractions in Eisleben include the historical market with its medieval architecture and the statue of Luther. A stroll through the old town reveals the house where Luther was born, which was extensively restored in 2006, the baptismal Church of St. Peter and Paul, St. Andrew's market church with its original Luther pulpit, St. Anne's Church with the only stone-carved biblical scenes in Europe and the Luther museum that commemorates his death on 18 February 1546. A world heritage site. (Source: Website.)
From the end of the 15th century Wittenberg was the electoral seat of Frederick the Wise. His astute policies, the university founded in 1502 and the influence of Luther and other Reformers combined to make the town a leading centre of religious and cultural life in Europe. From 1511 Martin Luther lived and worked in the town's Augustinian Monastery as a monk and a scholar. Evidence of the town's Reformation and Renaissance traditions as well as its fascinating past is still visible today. The beautiful old quarter is like an open-air museum with magnificent stone buildings wherever you look, while the town church where Luther preached his sermons is an important location in Reformation history. On 31 October 1517 Luther nailed his 95 Theses to the door of the castle church, which is also significant as the burial site of Luther and Melanchton. In 2017 Germany will celebrate 500 years of Reformation. A World heritage site. (Source: Website.)
One of the most popular of all the palaces and castles in Europe. Every year 1.3 million people visit "the castle of the fairy-tale king--Ludwig II".
From the PBS site on Martin Luther.
A historical sketch of Marin Luther. Includes early years, reformation, as church leader and his later years.
Midi files on Luther's hymns. You can listen online.
A site filled with information on Munich and its attractions. Also includes the history of Munich.
Located in the Marienplatz in the clock high tower of the Munich old Town Hall since 1983. One of three of toy collectors Ivan and Eva Steiger's European Toy Museums--located in Munich, the Prague and the Barbie Museum.
A site compiled by Charlie Kyriacon details Greek history.
A comprehensive website with information for those planning to tour Greece.
This site connects you to the best of art, biographies, daily life, maps, pictures and research on ancient Greece.
Includes a history of archaic and classical Greece, Hellenistic Greece, Greek philosophy and more. Also includes the works of Socrates, Plato, Aristotle, Hellenistic philosophy, Greek art and architecture, Greek drama, anthology of Greek readings, historical atlas and internet resources on Greece.
On his life and works.
Writings of Aristotle on Nicomachean Ethics.
Written in 350 B.C.E. and translated by J. I. Beare
Includes information on history, the islands, tours, climate, and more.
Includes the Greek calendar, Greek festivals, panellenic games, 7 wonders of the world and more.
On the life and works of Galen.
A site on Greek children's literature and its research.
An overview of classic Greek works, Greek comedy and drama.
Discussion of History, religious and social background, myths and more.
A historical overview of Greek music and instruments.
Overview of mythology in Greece.
Is Hebrew Greek? Find the answer to this question in this link.
A historical overview of Hellenistic Alexandria, including discussion of Alexander the Great, the library of Alexandria, ancient and modern.
On the life and works of Heraclitus.
An overview of medicine. Pay particular attention to the original Hippocratic oath which has been modified in modern society, but is still an oath all physicians take.
An online interactive course. Overview of who the Greeks were, organization, and democracy, temples, food, clothing, schooling and more.
A historical overview of Greece.
A discussion of the stories, poems and writings of Homer.
An overview of Greek Goddesses. Make sure you learn about "Psyche" the Goddess of the Soul and the origins of the name "Psychology."
One of many travel guides prepared by this traveler. Includes much information, including a brief history of the country, and pictures.
An overview of Greece and its philosophers. You can download lessons and interactive quizzes.
Travel information about the island and its special features.
On the teachings of Plato.
From the writings of Plato's The Republic, Book 6.
From the writings of Plato's The Republic, Book 8
A National Geographic report on the epigrams of Posidippus found in the tomb of an Egyptian. Sadly, there is no mention or analysis of who the Egyptian was.
The alphabet is among the few linguistic elements that have remained essentially unchanged between the classic and modern Greek languages.
The use of Greek letters were introduced long ago to provide a collection of useful symbols to supplement the usual Roman letters. Look for the symbol for psychology. Hint: Psi.
Overview with pictures.
A site of stories and myths. See the story of Psyche & Eros. What a great story?
An online anthology of Greek literature, written by many, including Homer, Sappho, Heraclitus, Plotinus, Origen, Sophocles, Plato, Aristotle and more. An excellent site.
Includes the works of Homer, Hesiod, Orpheus, poems of Sappho, Aesop's Fables, the dramas of Aeschylus and Euripides, dialogues of Plato and the golden verses of Pythagoras.
Comprehensive travel information and guide, including pictures and more.
On the contributions of Socrates.
Visit this link to find out.
A comprehensive site on women in Greek myths and literature.
Abbey of Montecassino
Provides chronology/index of history of Ancient Rome with extensive Internet links.
Rome's first emperor. Site includes pictures of architecture and other works from Augustus' time.
Site includes what to see, images and more.
Another chronological index of happenings in ancient Rome.
Contains demographic and other important information on Italy.
An online Italian language course.
Discusses the refurbished art by da Vinci on one of the most popular paintings in history.
The National Geographic Society's guide about Florence.
An Overview of Florence.
A historical overview of history.
A collection of pictures on Roman art, architecture, tools and more.
On the architecture prevalent in Italy.
Includes biographies of artists and museums.
An excellent site on just about everything you want to know about Italy. Includes maps of the various regions.
Includes information on transportation, weather, hotels, current issues, history and more.
Includes information on planning your trip, special interest, travel tips, FAQs, news about Italy, regional links, site map and more.
A very thorough write-up and analysis of the life and contributions of Pope John Paul II. Includes video excerpts, interviews and biography of the Pope's life and legacy and more. Live recordings of the Pope's voice in music, chant and songs.
See the National Geographic's accounting of the search.
The official site of the Vatican. Includes links to the Vatican secret archives, the library, museums, the listing of canonized Saints, news and more. Also includes the Pope's messages and liturgies.
About the famous Venetian artist.
The people of Pompeii were quite unprepared for the eruption of Vesuvius - getting on with their busy lives, in total ignorance of what was to come. The signs of impending disaster, though, were there - why did no-one pick up on them?
An ancient voice reaches out from the past to tell us of the disaster. This voice belongs to Pliny the Younger whose letters describe his experience during the eruption while he was staying in the home of his Uncle, Pliny the Elder. The elder Pliny was an official in the Roman Court, in charge of the fleet in the area of the Bay of Naples and a naturalist. Pliny the Younger's letters were discovered in the 16th century.
Overview of Pisa with pictures.
Includes a discussion of the work of Plotinus. Nine treatises and discussions on metaphysics and cosmology, psychology, epistemology, and ethics, taught in Rome until his death. Known as the father of Neoplatonism.
A site about the tools and technology of ancient romans with related websites.
A Panoramic Virtual Visit.
Pertinent information on Sorrento, including hotels, villas, and more.
Art during the early and high renaissance periods.
A site on the way of life of early Romans.
Site on classical Rome, including literature, military, archaeology, political, philosophical, general, drama, religion, and more. Also includes maps for printout.
Includes much detail on the Vatican Museums, including its collections.
An overview of many site seeing opportunities in Italy.
More travel guidelines for Italy.
Universal Leonardo is a programme aimed at deepening our understanding of Leonardo da Vinci through a series of European exhibitions (2006), scientific research and web-based resources.
The Institute was founded in 1948 as a foundation for training and researching analytical psychology and psychotherapy. Professionals come from all over the world to attend classes and seminars.
Situated at the mouth of the River Rhine, the Netherlands is a man-made country that owes its life to the sea, much of the land once lay under water and a maritime trading tradition was the principal cource of the nation's wealth, most notably in the 17th century. The Netherlands is also one of the world's most liberal countries, with a long history of cultural and racial tolerance.
The convent of St. Lucien was turned into a civic orphanage in the latter half of the 16th century.The original red-brick convent was enlarged over the years, and in 1975 it opened as the city's historical museum.
For two years during World War II, the Frank and Van Daan families, both Jewish, hid here until their betrayal to the Nazis. The 13-year-old Anne began her famous diary in July 1942. First published in 1947 as het Achterbuis (The Annex), and since translated into dozens of languages, the journal gives a moving account of growing up under persecution, and of life in confinement. Anne made her last entry in August 1944, three days before her family was arrested.
The complex of four synagogues was built in the 17th and 18th centuries by the Ashkenazi Jes, who arrived in Amsterdam from eastern Europe in the 1630s. At first restsricted to working in certain trades, the Ashkenazi Jews were granted full civil equality in 1796. Their synagogues were central to Jewish life in Amsterdam until the devastation caused by the Nazi occupation of World War II, which left them empty. The byildings were restored iin the 1980s and connected by internal walkways.
The national science center focusing on interactivity, technology, energy, science, and humanity.
A Museum with an unrivaled collection of Dutch art, begun in the early 19th century. Key pieces can be seen in the Philips Wing. Includes the art of Rembrandt, Vermeer, Frans Hals and others.
The house where Rembrandt worked and taught from 1639 to 1656. He lived on the ground floor rooms with his wife, Saskia, who died here in 1642, leaving the artist with a baby son, Titus. Many of the artists famous paintings were created in the first floor studio.
Vincent Van Gogh (1853-90), born in Zundert, began painting in 1880. He worked in the Netherlands for five years, before moving to Paris, and then settling in Arles in the South of France.
Ephesus was a city of scholars and teachers. There were many homes of the wealthy. The Library of Celsius was the 3rd largest library in the ancient world. Much teaching happened in Ephesus. This was the home of Luke, Paul and John. The Apostle Paul wrote the book of Ephesians. The Gospel of John was also written here. John lived here most of his life. Ephesus was a Roman city. It is considered the pagan sister city of Jerusalem. The Temple of Artemis is one of the 7 Wonders of the World.The Greek Goddess Artemis was the daughter of Zeus.
According to predominant Christian tradition, Mary was brought to Ephesus by the Apostle John after the Resurrection of Christ and lived out her days there. This is based mainly on the traditional belief that John came to Ephesus (see St. John's Basilica
) combined with the biblical statement that Jesus consigned her to John's care (John 19:26-27).
Kusadasi, one of Turkey's principle holiday resorts, offers an excellent environment for an unforgettable holiday. Situated on the west coast of Turkey- 90km south of Izmir, Kusadasi, is reputed for one of the most attractive city of the Aegean, as it is close to the important historical sites including Ephesus, Didyma, Priene, Miletos-the principals of ancient times, and ideal for sightseers.
Black, Jeremy. (2003). France and the Grand Tour. New York: Palgrave Macmillan.
Black, Jeremy. Italy and the Grand Tour. (2003). New Haven: Yale University Press.
Black, Jeremy. (1985). The British and the Grand Tour. London: Croom Helm.
Dolan, Brian. (2001). Ladies of the Grand Tour: British women in pursuit of enlightenment and adventure in eighteenth-century Europe. New York: Harper-Collins.
DK Eyewitness Travel. (2010). Europe. (London: Doerling Kindersley Limited.)
Flagler Museum. (2011). History of the Grand Tour. Online on the course website and at:
Gillies, Linda Boyer. "An eighteenth-century Roman view of Panini's Scalinata della Trinità dei Monti." The Metropolitan Museum of Art Bulletin, v. 30, no. 4 (February-March, 1972). **(PDF below.)
Gordon, Alden R. "Jerome-Charles Bellicard's Italian notebook of 1750-51: The discoveries of Herculaneum and observations on ancient and modern architecture." Metropolitan Museum Journal, Vol. 25 (1990). **(PDF below.)
Haskell, Francis, and Nicholas Penny. Taste and the Antique: The Lure of Classical Sculpture, 1500–1900. New Haven: Yale University Press, 1981.
Parker, James. "Patrons of Robert Adam at the metropolitan museum." Metropolitan Museum Journal, Vol. 1 (1968). **(PDF below.)
Weinhardt, Carl J. "Canaletto: master etcher." Metropolitan Museum of Art Bulletin, New ser., v. 17, no. 3 (November, 1958) **(PDF below.)
Wilton, Andrew, and Ilaria Bignamini, eds. (1996). The Grand Tour: The Lure of Italy in the Eighteenth Century. Exhibition catalogue. London: Tate Gallery Publishing.
Phrasebooks for each country and language--French, German, Greek, Dutch should be purchased.
(Langensheidt's Jiffy Phrasebook, DK Eyewitness, Lonely Planet or others)
Please note: Other readings will be assigned. Check the website for updates. Other reference sources related to your theme or study questions are also recommended.
For more information, please contact:
Dr. Rosalyn M. King, Professor of Psychology, Tour Leader
The Grand Tour in the 18th Century
The Grand Place-Brussels, Belgium
The House of Mother Mary in Ephesus, Turkey
Pope Benedict in Mother Mary’s House in Ephesus
Sirince, House of Virgin Mary and Ephesus
AnnFrank, The Whole Story, Parts 1-15